Microsoft has made a bit of a boo-boo this week. Hopefully, you haven’t auto approved patches this week.
KB4041691 and KB4041676 were pushed as delta updates through WSUS. First published on Twitter, but now there is a Reddit thread on the issue https://www.reddit.com/r/sysadmin/comments/75o0oq/windows_security_updates_broke_30_of_our_machines/
If you run into this issue, you will need to boot into WinRE and use DISM to remove the update.
With all updates from Microsoft lately, I recommend you lab them first. Don’t take the risk.